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Mayan Temple

Mayan Temple
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Between the 3rd and 9th centuries, the Mayans built hundreds of impressive pyramids. El Castillo de Chichen Itza, situated in the Yucatan peninsula, is a perfect example. This pyramid built with stones and a powerful mortar possesses a much sharper angle than any other built in Egypt. Its nine-tier architecture includes four staircases that narrow out bringing ones attention to the altar at the top. The pyramid has precisely 365 steps, one for each day of the year. With its square base, it measures 180 feet (55 meters) across, 79 feet high (24 meters) and covers 32,258 square feet (3,000 square meters) The Temple's sanctuary which sits at the top of the pyramid, welcomed priests that conducted the religious rituals, that once included human sacrifices. In 1930, archaeologists were surprised in finding a smaller, older temple inside the Chitchen Itza Pyramid. This temple measured 98 feet (30 meters) across and was 52 feet (16 meters) tall. Its presence clearly shows that some pyramids were enlarged in the course of history and would become bigger with each new regime.

The rich Mayan civilization was spread through modern day Mexico, Belize. Guatemala and Honduras. This gifted nation outdid itself in architecture, mathematics and astronomy. This essentially urban civilization erected such famous cities as: Palenque, Tikal and Chitchen Itza, a 740 acres (300 hectares) city. Sadly, there are only three original manuscripts left that would permit study of the ideograms of Mayan writings. The Spaniards had destroyed them in belief' that they were the Devil's work. Today, there arc about two million descendants of the Mayan people who still live principally in Mexico and Guatemala.


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